Chandrayaan-3 is India's successful moon mission conducted by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It was launched on July 14, 2023, from Satish Dhawan Space Centre and landed on August 23, 2023. It is a follow-up of Chandrayaan-2 which failed to make a soft landing and crashed during touchdown.
The main objectives of Chandrayaan 3 is to safely and softly land on the surface of the moon and conduct on-site experiments on the lunar surface. So far, only three countries, the U.S., Russia, and China have successfully soft-landed on the moon. After a successful landing on the moon, India became the fourth country to achieve a soft landing on the Moon and the first space mission to land near the South Pole.
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Chandrayaan 3 will consist of a Lander Module (LM), a Propulsion Module (PM), and a rover. The lander is called Vikram, and the rover is called Pragyan. The Vikram will be responsible for a soft landing on the lunar surface, while the PM carries the lander and rover configuration and provides propulsion and attitude control for the entire mission. The solar-powered rover will explore the lunar surface and transmit data to Earth.
In conclusion, the Chandrayaan-3 mission is a significant achievement for the Indian space program. It represents a remarkable step forward for India's space program and showcases the nation's dedication to space exploration and discovery.