India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is also called Bharat, Hindustan and Aryavart. It is the seventh-largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world.
It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. India has a coastline of about 7500 miles (12400 kilometers) and borders Pakistan to its west; Bhutan, China and Nepal to its northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to its east. India has been politically divided into 29 States and 7 union territories with its capital being New Delhi.These states and territories are further subdivided into districts and further into smaller administrative divisions.
India’s independence Day is celebrated on 15th August, marking the date when India separated from Britain in 1947. India is known by Bharat and Hindustan and the people of India are known as Indians.The majority of its people speak Hindi, while others speak other languages native to their regions or states.
The national flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolor, with equal stripes of deep saffron, white, and green and an Asoka Chakra in the middle of the white.
The National Emblem of India is Lion Capital of Ashoka.The National Anthem of India is Jana Gana Mana and the National song is Vande Mataram. The National Animal of India is Tiger. The National Bird of India is Peacock. The National Flower of India is Lotus. The National Fruit is Mango.
India adopted a Constitution in 1950 and became democratic. It is a mixture of American and British democracy.
India is an incredible country of contrasts. It has a vast land with countless sights and experiences to discover. From the tropical south to the Himalayan north, from desert landscapes to lush jungles, India has something for everyone.
India is a picture of diversity seen in her people, cultures, colorful festivals, dresses and costumes, religions, flora and fauna and varying landscapes.
India is also home to some of the oldest civilizations. India has been an important center of trade, culture and religion from ancient times.Similarly India has a rich tradition of handicrafts, culture, magnificent architecture, great food, colorful festivals and spiritual wisdom that have endured for centuries. There are a diverse number of religions in India. The major religions include Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christians, Sikhs and Jains.
India is the land of many freedom fighters. Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel, Subash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh have been inscribed in golden letters in the history of India and in the heart of every Indian and remembered for their non-violent protest against British rule.
India is a country full of great leaders, scientists, poets, and writers. Its soldiers protect the country by patrolling its borders. Some of the great individuals who have made significant contributions to the country include Mahatma Gandhi, Chhatrapati Shivaji, and Nehru. Other great scientists such as Dr. C.V Raman, Dr. Naralikar, and Dr. Jagadeesh Chandra Bose have also contributed to the development of the country.
Some of the famous places to visit in India are Taj Mahal, Varanasi, Darjeeling, Rishikesh, Jaipur, Shimla,The Andaman Islands, Kashmir, Red Fort Delhi and many more places too.